Hypogonadism is a condition when the sexual hormones produced by the sexual glands (in men called the testes and in women called the ovaries) are below normal. Sexual hormones have a function to regulate secondary sexual characteristics, including sperm production and testicular development in men. Whereas in women, this hormone plays a role in breast growth and the menstrual cycle. In addition, sexual hormones also play a role in the growth of pubic hair, both in men and women. To help you, you can read Alphaviril reviews.
Based on the cause, hypogonadism is divided into primary hypogonadism and secondary hypogonadism. Primary hypogonadism is a condition when the gonads or sexual glands are damaged, so they are unable to produce sexual hormones in the amount needed by the body.
Primary hypogonadism can be caused by several things:
Autoimmune diseases, such as hypoparathyroidism and Addison’s disease.
Hemochromatosis or high blood iron levels.
Cryptorchidism or undescended testicular position.
Genetic diseases, such as Klinefelter’s syndrome and Turner’s syndrome.
Side effects of radiotherapy or chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer.
While secondary hypogonadism occurs due to damage to the glands around the brain, the pituitary (pituitary) or hypothalamus. The gland is tasked with sending signals to the sexual glands to produce sexual hormones. A number of conditions that can cause secondary hypogonadism to include:
Injury or tumor in the pituitary gland or hypothalamus.
Genetic disorders, such as Kallmann’s Syndrome.
HIV / AIDS infection.
Drastic weight loss.
Long-term use of corticosteroids or pain medications.
Inflammatory diseases, such as tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, or histiocytosis
The doctor will do a physical examination on the patient, by observing sexual glands, body hair, and muscle mass. Investigations in the form of hormonal tests will also be carried out. Hormone tests aim to measure the levels of the male patient’s testosterone and measure the levels of the hormone estrogen in female patients. Hormone tests will be done in the morning when the levels of both hormones are increasing.