This Is How Bees Make Honey

Worker bees (which make up at least 98% of the hive population) are bees that produce honey under complicated procedures. Large numbers of worker bees are needed; no honey bee can produce honey without the other team members. In short, “transporting bees” suck nectar from flowers and they store it in their second special stomach (specifically designed to store honey) while they fly back to the hive. Once they arrive at the hive, they send nectar to the “chewing bees”.

Chewing bees collect nectar and they chew it for about 30 minutes. During chewing, the enzyme converts nectar into a substance that contains honey along with water. After chewing, the worker bees spread the substance into the honeycomb, so that the water can evaporate, making the water content of honey decrease. Water evaporation is accelerated when other bees fanned with their wings. When honey production is complete, other bees are responsible for sealing honeycomb cells with wax, so the product is protected. You can extract the honey using Honey Extractors.

Bees produce and store their products (honey, royal jelly, propolis, etc.) for their own use. They can survive by eating honey during winter and other periods when pollen is not available. Beekeepers actually “steal” a portion of this emergency stock, when they harvest honey. But if the harvest is not excessive, bees will be able to produce and replace the amount of honey taken by humans, and they will continue their life cycle without further problems.

We only need a small room with good ventilation, as long as we keep it clean. Finally, we might need wires, pins, electric knives for cutting beeswax, burners (disinfecting the hive and floor frames), and shallow plastic plates to feed the colony. If we believe that we want to run bees professionally, we will need a vehicle for transporting beehives (this is required by law for more than 25-30 beehives in many countries).

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